Marketing v Sales: How to engage buyers and convert to salesMarketing v Sales: How to engage buyers and convert to sales

Marketing v Sales Defined

Sales: is the process of directly engaging with potential customers, understanding their specific needs, and persuading them to make a purchase, focusing on the immediate conversion of leads into paying customers.

Marketing: on the other hand, is a broader, strategic effort that involves creating awareness, generating interest, and educating a wider audience about products or services. It aims to build brand recognition, attract potential customers, and nurture leads throughout their buyer’s journey, ultimately creating a foundation for sales to close deals.

Here’s an explanation of the key differences between marketing and sales:


  1. Focus: Marketing focuses on creating awareness and interest in a product or service. It is concerned with generating demand and leads.
  2. Role: Marketers are responsible for understanding customer needs, creating value propositions, and developing strategies to attract and engage potential customers.
  3. Activities: Marketing activities include market research, brand management, advertising, content creation, social media management, SEO, email marketing, and lead generation.
  4. Goal: The primary goal of marketing is to create a foundation for sales by building brand recognition, educating prospects, and generating interest.
  5. Audience: Marketers target a broader audience, often including individuals who may not be ready to make an immediate purchase.


  1. Focus: Sales is focused on converting leads and prospects into paying customers. It is about closing deals and generating revenue.
  2. Role: Sales professionals, or salespeople, directly interact with leads and customers. They qualify leads, address their needs, provide solutions, and negotiate terms.
  3. Activities: Sales activities include prospecting, lead qualification, product demonstrations, negotiation, and closing deals.
  4. Goal: The primary goal of sales is to meet revenue targets by converting qualified leads into customers and managing customer relationships.
  5. Audience: Sales targets prospects who are further down the buyer’s journey and have expressed a clear interest in making a purchase.

Key Differences:

  1. Timing: Marketing happens before the sales process. Marketing builds awareness and interest, while sales focuses on closing deals with leads who are ready to buy.
  2. Scope: Marketing has a broader scope, aiming to reach a wide audience, including potential leads who may not be ready to purchase immediately. Sales narrows the focus to leads who have shown a strong intent to buy.
  3. Activities: Marketing activities are often indirect, involving content creation and brand building. Sales activities are direct and involve one-on-one interactions with leads and customers.
  4. Metrics: Marketing metrics include website traffic, lead generation, and engagement (e.g., click-through rates). Sales metrics include conversion rates, revenue, and customer acquisition cost.
  5. Collaboration: Marketing and sales need to collaborate closely. Marketing provides a pool of leads to sales, and sales provides feedback to marketing on lead quality and customer preferences.

In essence, marketing and sales work in tandem to drive business growth. Marketing lays the foundation by generating awareness and interest, while sales takes over to close deals and generate revenue. It’s crucial for organizations to align the efforts of both functions to effectively move leads through the buyer’s journey and ultimately convert them into paying customers.

Marketing v Sales in the Buyers Journey

Marketing and sales play distinct roles in guiding potential customers through the buyer’s journey, each addressing different stages and objectives. Here’s a breakdown of how marketing and sales align with the buyer’s journey:

Awareness Stage:

  • Marketing: At the awareness stage, marketing’s role is to create brand awareness and draw potential customers into the sales funnel. Marketing accomplishes this through strategies like content marketing, advertising, SEO, and social media. The goal is to attract and educate potential customers about their pain points and potential solutions.
  • Sales: Sales typically does not have a direct role at this stage. Instead, marketing’s efforts aim to generate interest and capture leads, which will be handed off to sales once they show an interest in moving forward.

Interest Stage:

  • Marketing: As potential customers move into the interest stage, marketing continues to engage with them by providing more in-depth information and educational content. This content may include ebooks, webinars, case studies, and product information. Marketing is still responsible for nurturing these leads, keeping them engaged and moving them further along the buyer’s journey.
  • Sales: Sales typically becomes involved in the interest stage when leads express a clear interest in exploring solutions. Sales professionals reach out to these leads to understand their needs, provide more specific information, and guide them toward potential solutions.

Consideration Stage:

  • Marketing: Marketing continues to play a supporting role by providing valuable content that assists leads in evaluating different options. This content may include product comparisons, expert reviews, and detailed specifications. Marketing helps educate leads so that they can make informed decisions.
  • Sales: Sales becomes more active in the consideration stage, as leads are seriously evaluating solutions. Sales professionals engage in direct discussions, offer product demonstrations, address specific questions, and work to demonstrate the value of their solution.

Decision Stage:

  • Marketing: Marketing at this stage may still provide content that reinforces the value of the solution, such as customer testimonials and case studies. However, marketing’s role diminishes as leads are making their final decisions.
  • Sales: Sales takes the lead in the decision stage by presenting compelling offers, addressing any remaining concerns or objections, and ultimately closing the sale. Sales professionals negotiate terms, contracts, and pricing.

Post-Sale Stage:

  • Marketing: Marketing’s role continues post-sale by focusing on customer retention, satisfaction, and advocacy. This includes delivering valuable post-sale content, seeking feedback, and maintaining engagement with existing customers.
  • Sales: While sales primarily focuses on closing deals, there may still be a post-sale interaction as sales professionals ensure a smooth transition and address any immediate customer needs.

In summary, marketing and sales are complementary functions that work together to guide leads through the buyer’s journey. Marketing lays the groundwork by creating awareness and nurturing leads through the initial stages. Sales takes over when leads are ready to make a purchase, addressing their specific needs and closing deals. Effective alignment between marketing and sales ensures a seamless transition for leads as they progress from awareness to decision, ultimately becoming customers.

Marketing and Advertising

Marketing and advertising are related concepts, but they are not the same. They are components of a broader business strategy, and each serves a different purpose. Here’s how they differ:


  1. Scope: Marketing encompasses a comprehensive range of activities and strategies designed to promote a product, service, or brand. It is a holistic approach to engaging with customers throughout the entire customer journey.
  2. Objectives: Marketing’s objectives are multifaceted and include creating awareness, generating interest, building brand loyalty, conducting market research, defining target audiences, and developing pricing and distribution strategies.
  3. Activities: Marketing activities include market research, product development, pricing strategies, market segmentation, customer relationship management, content creation, social media management, SEO, email marketing, and more.
  4. Long-Term Focus: Marketing has a long-term perspective, and its goal is to create a strong brand presence and maintain customer relationships over time.
  5. Customer-Centric: Marketing aims to understand customer needs, preferences, and behaviors to deliver products and services that meet those requirements.


  1. Scope: Advertising is a subset of marketing. It specifically involves paid promotional messages that are delivered through various channels to reach and influence target audiences.
  2. Objectives: Advertising’s primary objective is to create awareness, attract attention, and persuade potential customers to take a specific action, such as making a purchase, signing up for a service, or visiting a website.
  3. Activities: Advertising activities include creating and running ad campaigns, whether through online advertising (e.g., Google Ads, Facebook Ads), traditional advertising (e.g., TV, radio, print), billboards, or other paid media.
  4. Short-Term Focus: Advertising often has a shorter-term focus, aiming to achieve immediate results, such as increased sales or website traffic.
  5. Message-Centric: Advertising focuses on delivering a persuasive message or call to action to the target audience. It doesn’t encompass the broader aspects of marketing, such as product development or pricing.

In summary, while advertising is an essential component of marketing, marketing encompasses a wider array of activities and strategies aimed at understanding and satisfying customer needs, creating a strong brand presence, and managing customer relationships. Advertising, on the other hand, is specifically about promoting products or services through paid promotional messages to achieve immediate goals such as driving sales or increasing visibility.